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Sync ⋅ Synchronization Tools

This package defines synchronization primitives for PHP applications and libraries using Amp.

Installation

This package can be installed as a Composer dependency.

composer require amphp/sync

Usage

This package defines two interfaces: Amp\Sync\Mutex and Amp\Sync\Semaphore.

/**
 * A non-blocking synchronization primitive that can be used for mutual exclusion across contexts.
 *
 * Objects that implement this interface should guarantee that all operations
 * are atomic. Implementations do not have to guarantee that acquiring a lock
 * is first-come, first serve.
 */
interface Mutex {
    /**
     * Acquires a lock on the mutex.
     *
     * @return \Amp\Promise<\Amp\Sync\Lock> Resolves with a lock object with an ID of 0. May fail with a SyncException
     *     if an error occurs when attempting to obtain the lock (e.g. a shared memory segment closed).
     */
    public function acquire(): Promise;
}
/**
 * A non-blocking counting semaphore.
 *
 * Objects that implement this interface should guarantee that all operations
 * are atomic. Implementations do not have to guarantee that acquiring a lock
 * is first-come, first serve.
 */
interface Semaphore {
    /**
     * Acquires a lock on the semaphore.
     *
     * @return \Amp\Promise<\Amp\Sync\Lock> Resolves with an integer keyed lock object. Identifiers returned by the
     *    locks should be 0-indexed. Releasing an identifier MUST make that same identifier available. May fail with
     *    a SyncException if an error occurs when attempting to obtain the lock (e.g. a shared memory segment closed).
     */
    public function acquire(): Promise;
}

These are very similar. The key difference is that Mutex only ever allows one lock while a Semaphore might allow n locks to be hold at the same time.