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Parallel Functions ⋅ Introduction

amphp/parallel-functions is a simplifying layer on top of amphp/parallel. It allows parallel code execution by leveraging threads or processes, depending on the installed extensions. All data sent to / received from the child processes / threads must be serializable using PHP’s serialize() function.

This library uses opis/closure to serialize closures, so its restrictions apply. If serialization of a particular closure doesn’t work, you can always write an autoloadable function and call that by name instead.

PHP’s resources aren’t serializable and will silently be casted to integers on serialization.

Installation

This package can be installed as a Composer dependency.

composer require amphp/parallel-functions

Configuration

This library uses the default process pool of amphp/parallel by default. You usually don’t have to pass a custom Amp\Parallel\Worker\Pool instance to the functions provided. If you need a different configuration other than the default, it’s usually best to re-configure the default worker pool in amphp/parallel instead of passing a custom instance, which can be configured using Amp\Parallel\Worker\pool(). The default maximum number of workers is 32, which you probably want to lower in a traditional web environment, but which is fine for most other usages, such as background scripts running via the CLI version of PHP.

Usage

Like all other amphp libraries, this library works in a fully asynchronous world. It returns promises as placeholders for future results of operations.

You don’t need to know any details to use this library in traditional, fully synchronous applications. All you need is wrapping every function returning an Amp\Promise with Amp\Promise\wait().

Don’t write anything directly (using fwrite() / fputs()) to STDOUT inside functions executed in parallel. This will break the communication channel with the parent. You can use echo / print / var_dump just as normal, these will automatically be redirected to STDERR of the parent.

<?php

use Amp\Promise;
use function Amp\ParallelFunctions\parallelMap;

$values = Promise\wait(parallelMap([1, 2, 3], function ($time) {
    \sleep($time); // a blocking function call, might also do blocking I/O here

    return $time * $time;
}));

parallel()

Amp\ParallelFunctions\parallel(callable, Amp\Parallel\Worker\Pool|null): callable wraps a callable, so it’s executed in another thread / process on invocation. All arguments have to be serializable. The default worker pool (the pool returned by Amp\Parallel\Worker\pool()) will be used unless an optional Amp\Parallel\Worker\Pool instance is provided.

Currently this function only supports a direct string as function name or instances of \Closure. Support for other callable types might be added in the future.

parallelMap()

Amp\ParallelFunctions\parallelMap(array, callable, Amp\Parallel\Worker\Pool|null): Promise works similar to array_map(), but has a different signature. It accepts only one array instead of being variadic. It’s thereby consistent with parallelFilter().

Restrictions of Amp\ParallelFunctions\parallel() apply.

parallelFilter()

Amp\ParallelFunctions\parallelFilter(array, callable, int, Amp\Parallel\Worker\Pool|null): Promise works like array_filter(), but returns a promise and executes in parallel.

Restrictions of Amp\ParallelFunctions\parallel() apply.